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8th Century Collection

The 8th century was a time of great artistic and cultural achievements, as seen in the intricate illustrations found in the Book of Kells and Lindisfarne Gospels

Background image8th Century Collection: Initial page from the Lindisfarne Gospels, late 7th or early 8th century

Initial page from the Lindisfarne Gospels, late 7th or early 8th century. Gospel of St John the Evangelist, originally produced in Lindisfarne, North East England

Background image8th Century Collection: Snow falling on small red pagoda, Kiyomizu-dera Temple, UNESCO World Heritage Site

Snow falling on small red pagoda, Kiyomizu-dera Temple, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kyoto, Japan, Asia

Background image8th Century Collection: PROY2A-00017

PROY2A-00017
Map of Europe in the time of Charlemagne, 768-814 AD. Printed color lithograph, 19th century

Background image8th Century Collection: Arab empire, mid-700s

Arab empire, mid-700s
Empire of the Arab Caliphs, middle of the 8th century. Printed color lithograph

Background image8th Century Collection: Page of illuminated text from the Gospel of St Luke, c700

Page of illuminated text from the Gospel of St Luke, c700. Latin text with intricate decoration inspired by Celtic designs. From the Gospel of St Luke, Lindisfarne Gospels

Background image8th Century Collection: MAP OF THE WORLD, c1060. Map of the world, centering on Jerusalem

MAP OF THE WORLD, c1060. Map of the world, centering on Jerusalem. Spanish manuscript illumination, c1060, from the work of Beatus of Liebana (c730-c800)

Background image8th Century Collection: Scene from Song of Roland

Scene from Song of Roland
Roland blowing his warhorn in battle against the Saracens at Roncesvalle, 789 AD. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration

Background image8th Century Collection: Meeting between Pope Adrian I and Charlemagne, miniature in the incunabula Chronicles

Meeting between Pope Adrian I and Charlemagne, miniature in the incunabula Chronicles of France, printed by A. Verard, Paris, 1493

Background image8th Century Collection: TIKAL: MAYAN INSCRIPTION. Canoe scene inscribed on an animal bone in the burial

TIKAL: MAYAN INSCRIPTION. Canoe scene inscribed on an animal bone in the burial chamber of a Mayan king at Tikal, Guatemala, c731 A.D

Background image8th Century Collection: Kongo Rikishi (guardian) in the Todai-ji Temple at Nara, Japan. Photograph, c1960s

Kongo Rikishi (guardian) in the Todai-ji Temple at Nara, Japan. Photograph, c1960s
JAPAN: NARA: GUARDIAN. Kongo Rikishi (guardian) in the Todai-ji Temple at Nara, Japan. Photograph, c1960s

Background image8th Century Collection: Lindisfarne Gospels, Christi autem page. British Museum, c700 AD, (1935)

Lindisfarne Gospels, Christi autem page. British Museum, c700 AD, (1935). Decorative text to St Matthew, Chap 1.V.18: Christi Autem. Opening of the Christmas Gospel from the Lindisfarne Gospels

Background image8th Century Collection: CODEX AMIATINUS: EZRA. Ezra the scribe writing in a large codex held on his knees

CODEX AMIATINUS: EZRA. Ezra the scribe writing in a large codex held on his knees. Illumination from the Codex Amiatinus, Northumbria, early 8th century

Background image8th Century Collection: Old Parish Church of Kildalton, the Kidalton High Cross, Islay, Argyll and Bute, Scotland

Old Parish Church of Kildalton, the Kidalton High Cross, Islay, Argyll and Bute, Scotland, United Kingdom, Europe

Background image8th Century Collection: A Chinese celestial sphere of the T ang Dynasty (681-905 A. D. ). Colored engraving

A Chinese celestial sphere of the T ang Dynasty (681-905 A. D. ). Colored engraving
CHINESE CELESTIAL SPHERE. A Chinese celestial sphere of the T ang Dynasty (681-905 A.D.). Colored engraving

Background image8th Century Collection: CHARLEMAGNE (742-814). King of the Franks, 768-814, and Emperor of the West, 800-814

CHARLEMAGNE (742-814). King of the Franks, 768-814, and Emperor of the West, 800-814. Wood engraving, German, 19th century, after a painting, c1512, by Albrecht Durer

Background image8th Century Collection: Pelagius (685-737), founder of the Asturias Kingdom and his grandson Fruela I (722-68

Pelagius (685-737), founder of the Asturias Kingdom and his grandson Fruela I (722-68
3499631 Pelagius (685-737), founder of the Asturias Kingdom and his grandson Fruela I (722-68) (pigment on vellum- by Spanish School, (11th century); Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid

Background image8th Century Collection: The Phoenician Roman port of Tharros, Sardinia, Italy, Mediterranean, Europe

The Phoenician Roman port of Tharros, Sardinia, Italy, Mediterranean, Europe

Background image8th Century Collection: Slab with a peacock, decoration from the early medieval church of san Salvatore, 8th century (stone)

Slab with a peacock, decoration from the early medieval church of san Salvatore, 8th century (stone)
8620175 Slab with a peacock, decoration from the early medieval church of san Salvatore, 8th century (stone) by Italian School, (8th century); Museo di Santa Giulia, Museo della citta, Brescia

Background image8th Century Collection: The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail

The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail, end of 8th century ( stones)
8620126 The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail, end of 8th century ( stones, cameos and coloured glasses) by Lombard School

Background image8th Century Collection: The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail

The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail, end of 8th century ( stones)
8620127 The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail, end of 8th century ( stones, cameos and coloured glasses) by Lombard School

Background image8th Century Collection: The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail

The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail, end of 8th century ( stones)
8620128 The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail, end of 8th century ( stones, cameos and coloured glasses) by Lombard School

Background image8th Century Collection: The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail

The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail, end of 8th century ( stones)
8620125 The Cross of Desiderius, adorned with stones, cameos and coloured glasses, detail, end of 8th century ( stones, cameos and coloured glasses) by Lombard School

Background image8th Century Collection: Sword with sheath, said to have belonged to Charlemagne (747-814) (gold set with precious stones)

Sword with sheath, said to have belonged to Charlemagne (747-814) (gold set with precious stones)
PWI98049 Sword with sheath, said to have belonged to Charlemagne (747-814) (gold set with precious stones); Louvre, Paris, France; (add.info.: from the Treasury of St. Denis;); © Peter Willi

Background image8th Century Collection: Arab life during the Abbasidian times

Arab life during the Abbasidian times
3779001 Arab life during the Abbasidian times -; (add.info.: Arab life during the Abbasidian times - miniatures from the Maqamat of al-Hariri)

Background image8th Century Collection: Baghdad in the Days of Mansur, 1915. Creator: Edmund Sandars

Baghdad in the Days of Mansur, 1915. Creator: Edmund Sandars
Baghdad in the Days of Mansur, 1915. Aerial view of the walled city of Baghdad (modern-day Iraq) as it might have appeared in the 8th century AD

Background image8th Century Collection: Nude Female Dancers from a Tunic, 700s. Creator: Unknown

Nude Female Dancers from a Tunic, 700s. Creator: Unknown
Nude Female Dancers from a Tunic, 700s. Two rare nude female dancers with anklets and long scarves draped around their shoulders hold branches and pomegranates in their hands

Background image8th Century Collection: Map of the Kingdom of the Franks Under Charlemagne, 1890. Creator: Unknown

Map of the Kingdom of the Franks Under Charlemagne, 1890. Creator: Unknown
Map of the Kingdom of the Franks Under Charlemagne, 1890. In 1771, Charlemagne (742-814) became king of the Franks, by 814, his empire encompassed most of Western Europe

Background image8th Century Collection: The Death of Roland at Roncesvalles, (778AD), 1890. Creator: Unknown

The Death of Roland at Roncesvalles, (778AD), 1890. Creator: Unknown
The Death of Roland at Roncesvalles, (778AD), 1890. The Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778 was a Basque ambush of Charlemagnes army which resulted in the death of Roland who became iconic in medieval

Background image8th Century Collection: Charlemagne destroys a pagan idol, (1936). Creator: Unknown

Charlemagne destroys a pagan idol, (1936). Creator: Unknown
Charlemagne destroys a pagan idol, (1936). Sturz Der Irmensaule Durch Karl Den Grossen, 772 AD. According to medieval sources, Charlemagne

Background image8th Century Collection: St Etheldreda, 8th century, Festival 23 June (colour litho)

St Etheldreda, 8th century, Festival 23 June (colour litho)
8658603 St Etheldreda, 8th century, Festival 23 June (colour litho) by Robinson, Frederick Cayley (1862-1927); Private Collection; (add.info.: St Etheldreda, 8th century, Festival 23 June)

Background image8th Century Collection: King Chilperic II, ca 1900 (illustration)

King Chilperic II, ca 1900 (illustration)
7422797 King Chilperic II, ca 1900 (illustration); (add.info.: History. France. Chilperic II (670-721), king of Francks. Imagery, France, ca 1900.); © Archives Charmet

Background image8th Century Collection: King Chilperic III, ca 1900 (illustration)

King Chilperic III, ca 1900 (illustration)
7422795 King Chilperic III, ca 1900 (illustration); (add.info.: History. France. King of francks Chilperic III (743-751). Imagery, France, ca 1900.); © Archives Charmet

Background image8th Century Collection: Charlemagne

Charlemagne
6266285 Charlemagne; (add.info.: Charlemagne, aka Charles the Great and Charles I, 748-814. King of the Franks, King of the Lombards and Emperor of the Romans.); Photo © Ken Welsh

Background image8th Century Collection: The lazy kings in a cart by oxen (engraving)

The lazy kings in a cart by oxen (engraving)
5944523 The lazy kings in a cart by oxen (engraving); Private Collection; (add.info.: Engraving The lazy kings showed themselves in public ceremonies in a cart dragged by oxen Special Collection)

Background image8th Century Collection: Christ and the apostles, 8th century (fresco) (detail)

Christ and the apostles, 8th century (fresco) (detail)
BEN138680 Christ and the apostles, 8th century (fresco) (detail); Santa Sofia, Benevento, Campania, Italy; Photo © Raffaello Bencini

Background image8th Century Collection: Musicians with different musical instruments, -in 'De Musica libri quartet'

Musicians with different musical instruments, -in "De Musica libri quartet"
GIA5036376 Musicians with different musical instruments, -in "De Musica libri quartet", Irish codex of the VII-VIII centuries

Background image8th Century Collection: The King of the Francs Charlemagne (742-814) establishing schools for lay children in 789

The King of the Francs Charlemagne (742-814) establishing schools for lay children in 789
ELD4852569 The King of the Francs Charlemagne (742-814) establishing schools for lay children in 789 and meeting with schoolchildren to promote education

Background image8th Century Collection: Numa Pompilius (6th CenturyII A.c -s. VII BC). (engraving)

Numa Pompilius (6th CenturyII A.c -s. VII BC). (engraving)
CUL4861981 Numa Pompilius (6th CenturyII A.c -s. VII BC). (engraving); Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid, Spain; (add.info.: Numa Pompilius (6th CenturyII A.c -s. VII BC). King of Rome between 715-673 BC

Background image8th Century Collection: History of kings. Charlemagne (742-814) leading the Francs to battle

History of kings. Charlemagne (742-814) leading the Francs to battle. Colour engraving of the 19th century
NWI4944153 History of kings. Charlemagne (742-814) leading the Francs to battle. Colour engraving of the 19th century.; (add.info.: History of kings)

Background image8th Century Collection: Harun al-Rashid, the fifth Abbasid Caliph, copperplate engraving from Strahlheim, 1840s (engraving)

Harun al-Rashid, the fifth Abbasid Caliph, copperplate engraving from Strahlheim, 1840s (engraving)
UTD4919670 Harun al-Rashid, the fifth Abbasid Caliph, copperplate engraving from Strahlheim, 1840s (engraving); (add.info)

Background image8th Century Collection: Widukind of Saxony or Wittekind of Saxony, known as the Great (755-810)

Widukind of Saxony or Wittekind of Saxony, known as the Great (755-810), an emblematic figure of the Saxon resistance
NWI4928002 Widukind of Saxony or Wittekind of Saxony, known as the Great (755-810), an emblematic figure of the Saxon resistance against the Franks

Background image8th Century Collection: Roland blowing his horn during the battle against the Saracens at Roncesvaux in 789

Roland blowing his horn during the battle against the Saracens at Roncesvaux in 789
NWI4927988 Roland blowing his horn during the battle against the Saracens at Roncesvaux in 789. Colour engraving of the 19th century.; (add.info)

Background image8th Century Collection: Portrait of Saint Bede the Venerable (Beda Venerabilis) (672-735)

Portrait of Saint Bede the Venerable (Beda Venerabilis) (672-735) Monk and Doctor of the Church (St Bede the Venerable)
ELD4910689 Portrait of Saint Bede the Venerable (Beda Venerabilis) (672-735) Monk and Doctor of the Church (St Bede the Venerable)

Background image8th Century Collection: Beginning of the Gospel according to Saint Luke. Reproduction of the Gospels of Lindisfarne

Beginning of the Gospel according to Saint Luke. Reproduction of the Gospels of Lindisfarne (Lindisfarne Gospels)
NWI4892350 Beginning of the Gospel according to Saint Luke. Reproduction of the Gospels of Lindisfarne (Lindisfarne Gospels)

Background image8th Century Collection: Ring Brooch with linked hoop from Ireland

Ring Brooch with linked hoop from Ireland
3330366 Ring Brooch with linked hoop from Ireland; (add.info.: Ring brooch with linked hoop from Ireland. Dated 8th Century.); Universal History Archive/UIG

Background image8th Century Collection: Ring Brooch with linked hoop from Ireland

Ring Brooch with linked hoop from Ireland
3330368 Ring Brooch with linked hoop from Ireland; (add.info.: Ring brooch with linked hoop from Ireland. Dated 8th Century.); Universal History Archive/UIG

Background image8th Century Collection: Baptism of Witikind, 786. 19th century (trade card in chromolithograph)

Baptism of Witikind, 786. 19th century (trade card in chromolithograph)
543291 Baptism of Witikind, 786. 19th century (trade card in chromolithograph); (add.info.: Wittekind or Witikind (d807) Saxon warrior and commander surrendered to Charlemagne at Paderborn in 785

Background image8th Century Collection: The Buddhist goddess Tara, the consort of Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion

The Buddhist goddess Tara, the consort of Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion
528927 The Buddhist goddess Tara, the consort of Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion. 8th century (cast bronze from Sri Lanka); Universal History Archive/UIG




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The 8th century was a time of great artistic and cultural achievements, as seen in the intricate illustrations found in the Book of Kells and Lindisfarne Gospels. These masterpieces showcase the skill and dedication of medieval scribes who meticulously crafted each page with vibrant colors and detailed designs. In the Arab empire, during the mid-700s, a flourishing civilization emerged, leaving behind magnificent illuminated texts like the Gospel of St Luke. The delicate brushstrokes and gold leaf accents bring to life sacred scriptures for all to admire. As snow gently falls on the small red pagoda at Kiyomizu-dera Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, one can't help but be captivated by its serene beauty. This image reminds us that even in ancient times, architectural wonders were created with precision and grace. A map dating back to c1060 centers around Jerusalem, providing insight into how people perceived their world centuries ago. Crafted by Spanish manuscript illuminators under Beatus' guidance, this map showcases their knowledge and imagination. Historical events are also depicted through artistry; such as Pope Adrian I's meeting with Charlemagne captured in a miniature from Chronicles incunabula. These visual records allow us to glimpse into significant moments that shaped history. The opening words of St Luke's Gospel "Quoniam" from the Book of Kells (c800) demonstrate not only religious devotion but also exquisite calligraphy skills passed down through generations. Each stroke is carefully executed with reverence for these holy texts. Traveling across continents brings us to Tikal: Mayan Inscription where an intricately carved canoe scene adorns an animal bone burial artifact. This testament to Mayan culture reveals their connection with nature and waterways as essential elements in their lives. Moving forward in time to c1960s Japan captures an enchanting photograph showcasing Kongo Rikishi (guardian) within the Todai-ji Temple at Nara.