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14th Century Collection

The 14th century was a time of great exploration and artistic innovation

Background image14th Century Collection: Marco Polo leaving Venice, 1300s

Marco Polo leaving Venice, 1300s
Marco Polo leaving Venice on his journey to China, 1338. Color lithograph reproductioin of a manuscript: Bod. Misc. 264

Background image14th Century Collection: Crooked spire and spring blossom, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Crooked spire and spring blossom, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: DANTE: PARADISE. The Saintly Throng in the Form of a Rose (Canto 31, lines 1-3)

DANTE: PARADISE. The Saintly Throng in the Form of a Rose (Canto 31, lines 1-3). Wood engraving by Gustave Dor

Background image14th Century Collection: Medieval Spain and Portugal map

Medieval Spain and Portugal map
Map of the Iberian Peninsula in the 1300s and 1400s. Printed color lithograph reproduction of a 19th-century illustration

Background image14th Century Collection: Catalan Atlas, 14th century

Catalan Atlas, 14th century. The 6-page Catalan Atlas (1375) was produced on vellum by the Jewish cartographer Abraham Cresques

Background image14th Century Collection: The Virgin and Child with Angels: Leaf of the Wilton Diptych, c1395. (1941)

The Virgin and Child with Angels: Leaf of the Wilton Diptych, c1395. (1941)
The Virgin and Child with Angels: Leaf of the Wilton Diptych, c1395. Housed in The National Gallery, London. From The Connoisseur, 1941 edited by H. Granville Fell. [The National Magazine Co

Background image14th Century Collection: BOTTICELLI: PRIMAVERA. Painting by Sandro Botticelli, c1477-78

BOTTICELLI: PRIMAVERA. Painting by Sandro Botticelli, c1477-78

Background image14th Century Collection: Landscape After the Rain, by Kao K o-kung (1248-1310). Yuan dynasty

Landscape After the Rain, by Kao K o-kung (1248-1310). Yuan dynasty
CHINA: LANDSCAPE. Landscape After the Rain, by Kao K o-kung (1248-1310). Yuan dynasty

Background image14th Century Collection: Phra Mae Thorani twists her long hair and torrents of water create a flood

Phra Mae Thorani twists her long hair and torrents of water create a flood, Wat Phra Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai, Thailand, Southeast Asia, Asia

Background image14th Century Collection: Mother Julian, 1912

Mother Julian, 1912. Julian of Norwich (c8 November 1342-c1416) was an English anchoress and an important Christian mystic and theologian. From The Mighty Army, by W. M

Background image14th Century Collection: Dante and Virgil in Inferno, crossing the cocytus, 1885 (engraving)

Dante and Virgil in Inferno, crossing the cocytus, 1885 (engraving)
XEE746645 Dante and Virgil in Inferno, crossing the cocytus, 1885 (engraving) by Dore, Gustave (1832-83); Private Collection; (add.info.: Inferno)

Background image14th Century Collection: View of town and Crooked Spire Church, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

View of town and Crooked Spire Church, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: Islamic carvings, Alhambra, Spain

Islamic carvings, Alhambra, Spain
Islamic carvings, Alhambra, Granada, Spain. These carvings are in the Hall of the two Sisters. Alhambra is a walled city and fortress

Background image14th Century Collection: Knights of medieval Germany

Knights of medieval Germany
German knights in armor from 1300, 1315, and 1360. Antique hand-colored print

Background image14th Century Collection: Angevin kings holdings in France and Britain

Angevin kings holdings in France and Britain
British Isles and France under the Angevins, 1100s-1400s. Color lithograph reproduction of a 19th-century illustration

Background image14th Century Collection: The Crucifixion, 1340s. Creator: Pietro Lorenzetti

The Crucifixion, 1340s. Creator: Pietro Lorenzetti
The Crucifixion, 1340s

Background image14th Century Collection: FIRST CRUSADE, 1099. European knights capture Jerusalem in this fanciful manuscript

FIRST CRUSADE, 1099. European knights capture Jerusalem in this fanciful manuscript illumination of the early 14th century; Christ watches over the scene

Background image14th Century Collection: The Keigwin Arms, Mousehole, Cornwall, 1936. Creator: Unknown

The Keigwin Arms, Mousehole, Cornwall, 1936. Creator: Unknown
The Keigwin Arms, Mousehole, Cornwall, 1936. The Keigwin Arms, 16th century hotel, dating to 14th century, the oldest building in town

Background image14th Century Collection: Edward refuses succour to his son at Crecy, 1346 (1864). Artist: James William Edmund Doyle

Edward refuses succour to his son at Crecy, 1346 (1864). Artist: James William Edmund Doyle
Edward refuses succour to his son at Crecy, 1864. King Edward III, (1312- 1377) standing on a hillside refusing succour to his son Edward the Black Prince, (1330-1376)) at the at the Battle of Crecy

Background image14th Century Collection: GAWAIN AND THE GREEN KNIGHT. Sir Gawain beheading the Green Knight

GAWAIN AND THE GREEN KNIGHT. Sir Gawain beheading the Green Knight. Manuscript illumination from Gawain and the Green Knight, English, 14th century

Background image14th Century Collection: Doges Palace and Campanile after sunset, Venice, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veneto, Italy, Europe

Doges Palace and Campanile after sunset, Venice, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Veneto, Italy, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: The Crooked Spire at the Parish Church of St. Mary and All Saints, Chesterfield, Derbyshire

The Crooked Spire at the Parish Church of St. Mary and All Saints, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: ROBERT THE BRUCE (1274-1329). Robert I of Scotland: Color engraving, English, 1797

ROBERT THE BRUCE (1274-1329). Robert I of Scotland: Color engraving, English, 1797

Background image14th Century Collection: Trepanation, 14th century artwork

Trepanation, 14th century artwork
Trepanation. 14th century artwork of a doctor using a hammer and scalpel to perform a surgical operation known as trepanation

Background image14th Century Collection: Manuscript Leaf with Opening of The Book of Nehemias, from a Bible, French, ca. 1280-1300

Manuscript Leaf with Opening of The Book of Nehemias, from a Bible, French, ca. 1280-1300. Artaxerxes kneels before the king receiving permission to make a journey

Background image14th Century Collection: Cloisters of Gloucester Cathedral, late 14th century

Cloisters of Gloucester Cathedral, late 14th century. The elaborate fan vaulting, the earliest example in Britain, is clearly visible

Background image14th Century Collection: The Effects of Good Government in the Countryside, (detail), 1338-1340. Artist: Ambrogio Lorenzetti

The Effects of Good Government in the Countryside, (detail), 1338-1340. Artist: Ambrogio Lorenzetti
The Effects of Good Government in the Countryside, (detail), 1338-1340. Ambrogio Lorenzetti frescoed the side walls of the Council Room (Sala dei Nove) of the City Hall (Palazzo Pubblico) of Siena

Background image14th Century Collection: DANTE: PARADISE. The Heavenly Choir. Wood engraving after Gustave Dore

DANTE: PARADISE. The Heavenly Choir. Wood engraving after Gustave Dore

Background image14th Century Collection: CHAUCER: CANTERBURY TALES. The Wife of Bath. A page from a facsimile of the Ellesmere manuscript

CHAUCER: CANTERBURY TALES. The Wife of Bath. A page from a facsimile of the Ellesmere manuscript of Geoffrey Chaucers Canterbury Tales, c1410

Background image14th Century Collection: Treaty of Bretigny territory settlements, 1360

Treaty of Bretigny territory settlements, 1360
England and France after the Treaty of Bretigny, Hundred Years War, 1360. Color lithograph reproduction of a 19th-century illustration

Background image14th Century Collection: Thomas Becket stained glass window dating from around 1320, Christ Church College Cathedral

Thomas Becket stained glass window dating from around 1320, Christ Church College Cathedral, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: Serranos Gate, Valencia, Spain, Europe

Serranos Gate, Valencia, Spain, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: TEMPTATION OF SIR GAWAIN. The temptation of Sir Gawain by Lady Bercilak

TEMPTATION OF SIR GAWAIN. The temptation of Sir Gawain by Lady Bercilak. Manuscript illumination from Gawain and the Green Knight, English, 14th century

Background image14th Century Collection: Leaning Tower of Pisa and the Duomo, Pisa, Tuscany, Italy

Leaning Tower of Pisa and the Duomo, Pisa, Tuscany, Italy

Background image14th Century Collection: Cathedral of the Peak in snow, Tideswell, Peak District National Park, Derbyshire, England

Cathedral of the Peak in snow, Tideswell, Peak District National Park, Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: The Duomo di Orvieto, Orvieto, Umbria, Italy, Europe

The Duomo di Orvieto, Orvieto, Umbria, Italy, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: Surf on rocks, Dunstanburgh Castle, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Surf on rocks, Dunstanburgh Castle, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: Medieval clapper bridge made of four massive granite slabs crossing the East Dart River

Medieval clapper bridge made of four massive granite slabs crossing the East Dart River, constructed in the 13th and 14th centuries, Postbridge, Dartmoor, Devon, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: Cathedral of the Peak in snow, Tideswell, Peak District National Park, Derbyshire, England

Cathedral of the Peak in snow, Tideswell, Peak District National Park, Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: Fowey Parish Church in Fowey, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Fowey Parish Church in Fowey, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: Oude Kerk, originating from the 14th century, Amsterdams oldest building

Oude Kerk, originating from the 14th century, Amsterdams oldest building, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Europe

Background image14th Century Collection: Dantes Inferno, suicides and the Harpies

Dantes Inferno, suicides and the Harpies
Dantes Inferno. Canto XIII, line 11: Here [suicide tree] the brute Harpies make their nest (at right: Dante and Virgil). Italian poet Dante Alighieri (1265-1321)

Background image14th Century Collection: Germany, Bavaria, Bamberg, Altes Rathaus or Old Town Hall, Floodlit at dusk

Germany, Bavaria, Bamberg, Altes Rathaus or Old Town Hall, Floodlit at dusk

Background image14th Century Collection: Queen consorts crowned in Westminster Abbey, 1937

Queen consorts crowned in Westminster Abbey, 1937. The central portrait is Elizabeth, Queen Consort of George VI. The others, clockwise from top are: Alexandra, Consort of Edward VII; Isabel

Background image14th Century Collection: OSMAN I (1258-c1326). Founder of the Ottoman Empire. Traditional Turkish miniature

OSMAN I (1258-c1326). Founder of the Ottoman Empire. Traditional Turkish miniature, 17th century

Background image14th Century Collection: DANTE: INFERNO. Charon, ferryman of the river Styx. Wood engraving, 1861, after Gustave Dore

DANTE: INFERNO. Charon, ferryman of the river Styx. Wood engraving, 1861, after Gustave Dore

Background image14th Century Collection: Allegory of the Good Government, 1338-1340. Artist: Ambrogio Lorenzetti

Allegory of the Good Government, 1338-1340. Artist: Ambrogio Lorenzetti
Allegory of the Good Government, 1338-1340. Ambrogio Lorenzetti frescoed the side walls of the Council Room (Sala dei Nove) of the City Hall (Palazzo Pubblico) of Siena

Background image14th Century Collection: Seine River with Notre Dame Cathedral, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Paris, Ile de France

Seine River with Notre Dame Cathedral, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Paris, Ile de France, France, Europe




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The 14th century was a time of great exploration and artistic innovation. As Marco Polo embarked on his journey from Venice, the world awaited the discoveries he would make in far-off lands. The Catalan Atlas, created during this period, provided a glimpse into the medieval kingdoms of Spain and Portugal. Meanwhile, in Asia, Phra Mae Thorani's twisting hair unleashed torrents of water, symbolizing the power and unpredictability of nature. This tumultuous scene mirrored the changing political landscape as Angevin kings held territories both in France and Britain. In Europe, artists like Sandro Botticelli captured the essence of springtime in their paintings such as "Primavera. " These masterpieces transported viewers to idyllic landscapes filled with vibrant colors and blooming flowers. Closer to home in England's Derbyshire county stood the iconic Crooked Spire Church overlooking a charming town. Its unique architecture served as a reminder of centuries-old traditions that endured through time. Literature also flourished during this era with tales like "Gawain and the Green Knight" captivating audiences. Sir Gawain faced temptation from Lady Bercilak but ultimately triumphed by beheading his adversary—a testament to chivalry and honor prevailing over darkness. Even religious texts were beautifully illustrated during this period; an exquisite manuscript leaf depicting Nehemias' book showcased French craftsmanship at its finest. As we reflect on these diverse aspects of 14th-century life—exploration, artistry, literature—we gain insight into a world that laid foundations for our modern society while cherishing its rich cultural heritage.