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Timurid Collection

"Exploring the Rich Legacy of the Timurid Empire: From Shahnameh to Samarkand" The Timurid dynasty, known for its grandeur and cultural achievements

Background imageTimurid Collection: Shahnameh. The Book of Kings. 16th c. Faridun

Shahnameh. The Book of Kings. 16th c. Faridun

Background imageTimurid Collection: Jahangir and his Father, Akbar, Folio from the Shah Jahan Album, verso: ca

Jahangir and his Father, Akbar, Folio from the Shah Jahan Album, verso: ca. 1630; recto: ca.1540-50

Background imageTimurid Collection: Marble pavilion in the Fort Gardens, Lahore, India, late 19th or early 20th century

Marble pavilion in the Fort Gardens, Lahore, India, late 19th or early 20th century. Lahore Fort was built in the 1560s by the Mughal Emperor Akbar

Background imageTimurid Collection: Shrine of the theologian Khwaja Abu Nasr Parsa, built in late Timurid style in the 15th century

Shrine of the theologian Khwaja Abu Nasr Parsa, built in late Timurid style in the 15th century, the dome was damaged in an earthquake in the 1990s, and has since been repaired

Background imageTimurid Collection: Timurid decoration, main Iwan of the interior courtyard, Sufi shrine of Gazargah

Timurid decoration, main Iwan of the interior courtyard, Sufi shrine of Gazargah, Herat, Herat Province, Afghanistan, Asia

Background imageTimurid Collection: Ulugh Beg, also known as Mirzo Ulugbek, statue, at Ulugh Beg Observatory, Samarkand

Ulugh Beg, also known as Mirzo Ulugbek, statue, at Ulugh Beg Observatory, Samarkand
Uzbekistan, Samarkand, Ulugh Beg, also known as Mirzo Ulugbek, statue, at Ulugh Beg Observatory

Background imageTimurid Collection: Emperor Shah Jahan (reigned 1628-1658), c1690. Creator: Unknown

Emperor Shah Jahan (reigned 1628-1658), c1690. Creator: Unknown
Emperor Shah Jahan (reigned 1628-1658), c1690

Background imageTimurid Collection: Hamid Bhakari Punished by Akbar, Folio from an Akbarnama, ca. 1604. Creator: Manohar

Hamid Bhakari Punished by Akbar, Folio from an Akbarnama, ca. 1604. Creator: Manohar
Hamid Bhakari Punished by Akbar, Folio from an Akbarnama, ca. 1604

Background imageTimurid Collection: The Main Gate - Lahore Fort, 1936. Creator: Unknown

The Main Gate - Lahore Fort, 1936. Creator: Unknown
The Main Gate - Lahore Fort, 1936. Lahore Fort in Lahore, (formerly in India, now in Pakistan), was built in the 1560s by the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great

Background imageTimurid Collection: Emperor Jahangir Triumphing Over Poverty, c

Emperor Jahangir Triumphing Over Poverty, c
3086832 Emperor Jahangir Triumphing Over Poverty, c.1620-25 (opaque watercolour, gold, and ink on paper) by Hasan, Abu l (fl.1605-27); 23.81x15.24 cm; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CA

Background imageTimurid Collection: DDE-90025812

DDE-90025812
Turkmenistan, Merv, ruined structure of the central settlement of Gonur-Depeh in ancient Merv, the oldest and best-preserved of the oasis-cities along the Silk Route in Central Asia. Date: 16/06/2006

Background imageTimurid Collection: Khusrau Gazing at Shirin, from a copy of the Khamsa of Nizami, 1485 (890 A. H. )

Khusrau Gazing at Shirin, from a copy of the Khamsa of Nizami, 1485 (890 A. H. )
Khusrau Gazing at Shirin, from a copy of the Khamsa of Nizami, 1485 (890 A.H.)

Background imageTimurid Collection: The Constellation Leo, folio probably from the Kitab suwar al-kawakib

The Constellation Leo, folio probably from the Kitab suwar al-kawakib al-thabita (Book of the Images of the Fixed Stars), Timurid dynasty (ca. 1370-1507), dated c.1500

Background imageTimurid Collection: Zal and Rudaba in a Palace, page from a copy of the Shahnama of Firdausi, Timurid

Zal and Rudaba in a Palace, page from a copy of the Shahnama of Firdausi, Timurid dynasty (ca. 1370-1507), 1480/90

Background imageTimurid Collection: Garden Scene, Timurid dynasty (ca. 1370-1507), mid-15th century. Creator: Unknown

Garden Scene, Timurid dynasty (ca. 1370-1507), mid-15th century. Creator: Unknown
Garden Scene, Timurid dynasty (ca. 1370-1507), mid-15th century

Background imageTimurid Collection: Tomb Stone Tile, Timurid dynasty (ca. 1370-1507), dated 1486 (891 AH). Creator: Unknown

Tomb Stone Tile, Timurid dynasty (ca. 1370-1507), dated 1486 (891 AH). Creator: Unknown
Tomb Stone Tile, Timurid dynasty (ca. 1370-1507), dated 1486 (891 AH)

Background imageTimurid Collection: Bowl, Timurid dynasty (1370-1507), late 15th century. Creator: Unknown

Bowl, Timurid dynasty (1370-1507), late 15th century. Creator: Unknown
Bowl, Timurid dynasty (1370-1507), late 15th century

Background imageTimurid Collection: Farhad Carrying Shirin and Her Horse, from a copy of the Khamsa of Nizami

Farhad Carrying Shirin and Her Horse, from a copy of the Khamsa of Nizami, Timurid dynasty (ca. 1370-1507), dated 1485 (890 A.H.)

Background imageTimurid Collection: Architectural fragment, Timurid period, ca. 1375-1400. Creator: Unknown

Architectural fragment, Timurid period, ca. 1375-1400. Creator: Unknown
Architectural fragment, Timurid period, ca. 1375-1400

Background imageTimurid Collection: Man on top of a minaret, c. 1417-18 (opaque watercolor and gold on paper)

Man on top of a minaret, c. 1417-18 (opaque watercolor and gold on paper)
5932624 Man on top of a minaret, c.1417-18 (opaque watercolor and gold on paper) by Persian School, (15th century); 34.4 x 22.9 cm; Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution

Background imageTimurid Collection: Zal climbs to reach Rudaba from a Shahnama (Book of kings), c

Zal climbs to reach Rudaba from a Shahnama (Book of kings), c
5932575 Zal climbs to reach Rudaba from a Shahnama (Book of kings), c.1440 (ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper) by Persian School, (15th century); 25.6 x 17.2 cm; Freer Gallery of Art

Background imageTimurid Collection: A tile from the building of the Timurid Sultan Abu Sa id

A tile from the building of the Timurid Sultan Abu Sa id
1196985 A tile from the building of the Timurid Sultan Abu Sa id, with a stylised vase issuing white floral sprays, c. 1455-6 (moulded cobalt blue and lustre tile) by Islamic School

Background imageTimurid Collection: Khamsa and Divan by Khwaju Kirmani, 1438 (ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper)

Khamsa and Divan by Khwaju Kirmani, 1438 (ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper)
5932522 Khamsa and Divan by Khwaju Kirmani, 1438 (ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper) by Persian School, (15th century); 22 x 14.8 cm; Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution

Background imageTimurid Collection: Jesus and Sam, from a Majma al-tawarikh, c. 1425 (opaque watercolor

Jesus and Sam, from a Majma al-tawarikh, c. 1425 (opaque watercolor
5932620 Jesus and Sam, from a Majma al-tawarikh, c.1425 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper) by Persian School, (15th century); 42.9 x 33.3 cm; Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution

Background imageTimurid Collection: Alexander lowered into the sea in a diving bell, 1597-8 (ink

Alexander lowered into the sea in a diving bell, 1597-8 (ink
3492861 Alexander lowered into the sea in a diving bell, 1597-8 (ink, watercolour and gold on paper) by Mukunda (fl.1585-90) (attr)

Background imageTimurid Collection: Dancing Dervishes, c. 1480 (opaque watercolour and gold on paper)

Dancing Dervishes, c. 1480 (opaque watercolour and gold on paper)
6176508 Dancing Dervishes, c.1480 (opaque watercolour and gold on paper) by Bihzad (fl.1500) (attr. to); 29.9x18.9 cm; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Background imageTimurid Collection: Tumanba Khan, His Wife, and His Nine Sons, c. 1596 (ink, opaque watercolor

Tumanba Khan, His Wife, and His Nine Sons, c. 1596 (ink, opaque watercolor
6176501 Tumanba Khan, His Wife, and His Nine Sons, c.1596 (ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper) by Basawan (fl.c.1560-1600); Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Background imageTimurid Collection: Two youths before a princess at a window, c. 1417-18 (opaque watercolor and gold on paper)

Two youths before a princess at a window, c. 1417-18 (opaque watercolor and gold on paper)
5932623 Two youths before a princess at a window, c.1417-18 (opaque watercolor and gold on paper) by Persian School, (15th century); 34.7 x 23.1 cm; Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution

Background imageTimurid Collection: Timur grants an audience on the occasion of his accession to the throne at Balkh

Timur grants an audience on the occasion of his accession to the throne at Balkh
5932585 Timur grants an audience on the occasion of his accession to the throne at Balkh, 1436 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper) by Persian School

Background imageTimurid Collection: Timur grants an audience on the occasion of his accession to the throne at Balkh

Timur grants an audience on the occasion of his accession to the throne at Balkh
5932586 Timur grants an audience on the occasion of his accession to the throne at Balkh, 1436 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper) by Persian School

Background imageTimurid Collection: A couple converse by a stream, c. 1500 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper)

A couple converse by a stream, c. 1500 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper)
5932562 A couple converse by a stream, c.1500 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper) by Persian School, (16th century); 28.4 x 17.5 cm; Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution

Background imageTimurid Collection: Iskandar visits a hermit, c. 1500 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper)

Iskandar visits a hermit, c. 1500 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper)
5932560 Iskandar visits a hermit, c.1500 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper) by Persian School, (16th century); 28.3 x 17.1 cm; Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution

Background imageTimurid Collection: Shah Jahan and his Son, c. 1656-58 (pen, ink and wash on paper)

Shah Jahan and his Son, c. 1656-58 (pen, ink and wash on paper)
3704040 Shah Jahan and his Son, c.1656-58 (pen, ink and wash on paper) by Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn (1606-69); 9.4x8.6 cm; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

Background imageTimurid Collection: 'The Concourse of the Birds', c. 1600 (ink, opaque w / c, gold

"The Concourse of the Birds", c. 1600 (ink, opaque w / c, gold
3615931 " The Concourse of the Birds", c.1600 (ink, opaque w/c, gold, and silver on paper) by Persian School, (17th century); 33 high (page) cm; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Background imageTimurid Collection: Akbar with Lion and Calf, c. 1630 (ink, opaque, w / c and gold on paper)

Akbar with Lion and Calf, c. 1630 (ink, opaque, w / c and gold on paper)
3614017 Akbar with Lion and Calf, c.1630 (ink, opaque, w/c and gold on paper) by Govardhan (fl. 1620); 38.9x25.7 cm; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Background imageTimurid Collection: Portrait of Shah Jahan on Horseback (ink, opaque w / c and gold on paper)

Portrait of Shah Jahan on Horseback (ink, opaque w / c and gold on paper)
3493103 Portrait of Shah Jahan on Horseback (ink, opaque w/c and gold on paper) by Indian School, (17th century); Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Background imageTimurid Collection: Black Buck, Folio from the Shah Jahan Album, c. 1615-20 (ink

Black Buck, Folio from the Shah Jahan Album, c. 1615-20 (ink
3493034 Black Buck, Folio from the Shah Jahan Album, c.1615-20 (ink, watercolour and gold on paper) by Manohar (fl.1580-1620) (attr)

Background imageTimurid Collection: Jamshid enthroned, c. 1425 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper)

Jamshid enthroned, c. 1425 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper)
5932619 Jamshid enthroned, c.1425 (opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper) by Persian School, (15th century); 42.6 x 32.6 cm; Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution

Background imageTimurid Collection: Two riders carrying maces approaching a castle, c. 1417-18

Two riders carrying maces approaching a castle, c. 1417-18
5932622 Two riders carrying maces approaching a castle, c.1417-18 (opaque watercolor and gold on paper) by Persian School, (15th century); 34.4 x 23 cm; Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution

Background imageTimurid Collection: Inlaid Ewer, Iran, late 15th- first quarter 16th century. Creator: Unknown

Inlaid Ewer, Iran, late 15th- first quarter 16th century. Creator: Unknown
Inlaid Ewer, Iran, late 15th- first quarter 16th century

Background imageTimurid Collection: Bowl, Iran or Central Asia, 15th century. Creator: Unknown

Bowl, Iran or Central Asia, 15th century. Creator: Unknown
Bowl, Iran or Central Asia, 15th century. Modeled after a bowl from Ming China

Background imageTimurid Collection: Tile with Niche Design, Iran, dated A. H. 860 / A. D. 1455-56

Tile with Niche Design, Iran, dated A. H. 860 / A. D. 1455-56
Tile with Niche Design, Iran, dated A.H. 860/A.D. 1455-56. Arabic Inscription: " In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate. commissioned by Abu Sa id (1424-69)

Background imageTimurid Collection: Tumanba Khan, His Wife, and His Nine Sons, Folio from a Chingiznama... ca. 1596

Tumanba Khan, His Wife, and His Nine Sons, Folio from a Chingiznama... ca. 1596
Tumanba Khan, His Wife, and His Nine Sons, Folio from a Chingiznama (Book of Genghis Khan), ca. 1596. Commissioned by emperor Akbar

Background imageTimurid Collection: Misbah the Grocer Brings the Spy Parran to his House, Folio from a Hamzanama... ca. 1570

Misbah the Grocer Brings the Spy Parran to his House, Folio from a Hamzanama... ca. 1570
Misbah the Grocer Brings the Spy Parran to his House, Folio from a Hamzanama (The Adventures of Hamza), ca. 1570. Attributed to Dasavanta. Attributed to Mithra

Background imageTimurid Collection: King Akbars Tomb, Agra, 1860s-70s. Creator: Unknown

King Akbars Tomb, Agra, 1860s-70s. Creator: Unknown
King Akbars Tomb, Agra, 1860s-70s

Background imageTimurid Collection: Akbars Tomb at Sikandra, India, 1860s-70s. Creator: Unknown

Akbars Tomb at Sikandra, India, 1860s-70s. Creator: Unknown
Akbars Tomb at Sikandra, India, 1860s-70s




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"Exploring the Rich Legacy of the Timurid Empire: From Shahnameh to Samarkand" The Timurid dynasty, known for its grandeur and cultural achievements, left an indelible mark on history. Inspired by ancient Persian epics like Shahnameh (Book of Kings), they fostered a renaissance in art and literature during the 16th century. Faridun, one of their legendary kings, became a symbol of justice and wisdom. Jahangir and his father Akbar continued this artistic tradition. A magnificent folio from the Shah Jahan Album showcases their love for intricate details and vibrant colors. In Lahore's Fort Gardens, a marble pavilion stands as a testament to their refined taste in architecture. Shah Jahan himself is immortalized on horseback through an exquisite artwork created with ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper. This masterpiece captures his power and elegance. The Timurids' architectural prowess is evident in structures like the shrine of Khwaja Abu Nasr Parsa. Built in late Timurid style during the 15th century, it exemplifies their mastery over design elements that blend beauty with spirituality. Timurid decoration adorns Gazargah's Sufi shrine's main Iwan within its interior courtyard—a mesmerizing display of geometric patterns intertwined with floral motifs—an ode to their aesthetic sensibilities. Ulugh Beg Observatory pays homage to Mirzo Ulugbek's contributions as both ruler and astronomer. His statue stands tall amidst celestial wonders he studied passionately—reminding us that knowledge knows no bounds. Abu l-Fazl ibn Mubarak presenting the Akbarnama to Akbar depicts another facet culture—the patronage extended towards scholars who documented historical events meticulously—a testament to their thirst for knowledge.