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1609 Collection

In the year 1609, a multitude of significant events unfolded across various corners of the world

Background image1609 Collection: Letter from Captain Cook

Letter from Captain Cook
Letter from Captain James Cook

Background image1609 Collection: Kepler Planetary System

Kepler Planetary System
Model of Keplers planetary system

Background image1609 Collection: Jacobus Arminius

Jacobus Arminius
JACOBUS ARMINIUS Dutch theologian and reformer

Background image1609 Collection: Champlain / Huron Indians

Champlain / Huron Indians
Samuel De Champlain, with help from the recently befriended Huron Indians, on the war path with the Iroquois

Background image1609 Collection: BERMUDA - Somers wreck

BERMUDA - Somers wreck
Sir George Somers discovers the Bermudas the hard way, by being wrecked there, whereupon he takes possession of them on behalf of Britain, inspiring Shakespeares The Tempest

Background image1609 Collection: Galileo Galilei demonstrating his telescope to the Doge and Venetian Senators, 1609. Engraving, 1747

Galileo Galilei demonstrating his telescope to the Doge and Venetian Senators, 1609. Engraving, 1747
533591 Galileo Galilei demonstrating his telescope to the Doge and Venetian Senators, 1609. Engraving, 1747.; (add.info.: Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) Italian astronomer & mathematician

Background image1609 Collection: The discovery of the Hudson River in 1609 by Henry Hudson during his voyage in the ship Half Moon

The discovery of the Hudson River in 1609 by Henry Hudson during his voyage in the ship Half Moon to find a prospective
2603485 The discovery of the Hudson River in 1609 by Henry Hudson during his voyage in the ship Half Moon to find a prospective Northwest Passage to Cathay

Background image1609 Collection: An Illustration depicting the Anatomy of a Woman, from Anatomia by Realdo Colombo, 1609 (engraving)

An Illustration depicting the Anatomy of a Woman, from Anatomia by Realdo Colombo, 1609 (engraving)
1764831 An Illustration depicting the Anatomy of a Woman, from Anatomia by Realdo Colombo, 1609 (engraving); Private Collection; (add.info.: An Illustration depicting the Anatomy of a Woman)

Background image1609 Collection: Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) demonstrating his telescope, Venice, 1609, 19th century (engraving)

Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) demonstrating his telescope, Venice, 1609, 19th century (engraving)
540675 Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) demonstrating his telescope, Venice, 1609, 19th century (engraving); (add.info.: In this artist's reconstruction Galileo, Italian astronomer)

Background image1609 Collection: Kepler's illustration to explain his discovery of the elliptical orbit of Mars

Kepler's illustration to explain his discovery of the elliptical orbit of Mars
541697 Kepler's illustration to explain his discovery of the elliptical orbit of Mars. From Johannes Kepler Astronomia Nova... de Motibus Stellae Martis 1609

Background image1609 Collection: New River Head

New River Head
In 1609 a scheme to bring much needed water into London from wells in Hertfordshire was designed by a Mr Hugh Myddleton. His plan was to end his New River just below the summit of Islington Hill

Background image1609 Collection: American S160 Class 2-8-0 locomotive No. 1609 upon arrival at Newport Docks, 1942

American S160 Class 2-8-0 locomotive No. 1609 upon arrival at Newport Docks, 1942
From late 1942 American locomotives began to arrive at the Great Westerns South Wales Docks, having been shipped over from America to assist allied forces both in Britain and on the Continent

Background image1609 Collection: The Auld Brig, Keith, Old Bridge of Keith, Moray, Scotland

The Auld Brig, Keith, Old Bridge of Keith, Moray, Scotland, built in 1609. Date: circa 1910

Background image1609 Collection: Expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain - order of Philip III

Expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain - order of Philip III
Expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain by order of King Philip III in 1609 after debate in the Council of State. It was decided to expel the Moriscos on 9 April 1609, which the king approved

Background image1609 Collection: Tangent Sight for an English Cannon, made in 1609, from The British Army: Its Origins

Tangent Sight for an English Cannon, made in 1609, from The British Army: Its Origins, Progress and Equipment
619341 Tangent Sight for an English Cannon, made in 1609, from The British Army: Its Origins, Progress and Equipment, published 1868

Background image1609 Collection: Tottenham High Cross

Tottenham High Cross was erected in Tottenham sometime between 1600 and 1609 by Owen Wood, Dean of Armagh, on the site of a wooden wayside cross first mentioned in 1409

Background image1609 Collection: The Supplicants. The Expulsion of the Gypsies from Spain, 1872 (oil on canvas)

The Supplicants. The Expulsion of the Gypsies from Spain, 1872 (oil on canvas)
RHC79782 The Supplicants. The Expulsion of the Gypsies from Spain, 1872 (oil on canvas) by Long, Edwin Longsden (1829-91); 182.9x287 cm; Royal Holloway

Background image1609 Collection: Admiral Sir George Summers wrecked on the Bermudas, 1609 (colour litho)

Admiral Sir George Summers wrecked on the Bermudas, 1609 (colour litho)
3643335 Admiral Sir George Summers wrecked on the Bermudas, 1609 (colour litho) by English School, (20th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Admiral Sir George Summers wrecked on the Bermudas)

Background image1609 Collection: Title-page of Shakespeares Sonnets, 1609 (engraving)

Title-page of Shakespeares Sonnets, 1609 (engraving)
663279 Title-page of Shakespeares Sonnets, 1609 (engraving) by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Title-page of Shakespeares Sonnets, 1609)

Background image1609 Collection: LIPPERSHEY TELESCOPE

LIPPERSHEY TELESCOPE
Dutch astronomer Hans Lippershey demonstrates his optical device which anticipates the telescope Date: 1609

Background image1609 Collection: Scaldis and Antverpia (Scheldt and Antwerp), 1609. Creator: Janssens, Abraham (ca

Scaldis and Antverpia (Scheldt and Antwerp), 1609. Creator: Janssens, Abraham (ca
Scaldis and Antverpia (Scheldt and Antwerp), 1609. Found in the Collection of Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp

Background image1609 Collection: Our Lady of Tenderness (The Virgin Eleusa), 1609. Creator: Lambardos, Emmanuel (1587-1631)

Our Lady of Tenderness (The Virgin Eleusa), 1609. Creator: Lambardos, Emmanuel (1587-1631)
Our Lady of Tenderness (The Virgin Eleusa), 1609. Found in the Collection of Benaki Museum, Athens

Background image1609 Collection: Colmar, France - La Maison des Tetes in the old town

Colmar, France - La Maison des Tetes in the old town
Colmar, France 1609 building the Maison des T괥 s, built in the German Renaissance style. Part of the old town of Colmar

Background image1609 Collection: Self-portrait with his wife Isabella Brandt in the Honeysuck

Self-portrait with his wife Isabella Brandt in the Honeysuck
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640). Flemish painter. Self-portrait with his wife Isabella Brandt in the Honeysuckle Bower, ca.1609. Alte Pinakothek. Munich. Germany

Background image1609 Collection: Lascivious Dance

Lascivious Dance
At a sabbat in the Basque country, two witches enjoy a lascivious dance while others enjoy the embraces of demons and the sound of bagpipes

Background image1609 Collection: Roelant Savery Memento mori painting religious art

Roelant Savery Memento mori painting religious art
Roelant Savery, Memento mori, painting, religious art, between 1600 and 1609, oil, Height, 20.3 cm (7.9 inches), Width, 23.5 cm (9.2 inches), Inscriptions, Signature and datebottom right, ROELAND

Background image1609 Collection: Christ Doctors Scribes Orazio Borgianni c 1609

Christ Doctors Scribes Orazio Borgianni c 1609
Christ among the Doctors, Christ among the Scribes, Orazio Borgianni, c. 1609, oil paint (paint), canvas, painting, h 78.2 cm × w 104.6 cm, Wethey, H.E.: Orazio Borgianni in Italy and Spain

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Johan Ernst I Count Nassau-Siegen 1582-1617

Portrait Johan Ernst I Count Nassau-Siegen 1582-1617
Portrait of Johan Ernst I, Count of Nassau-Siegen, Portrait of Johan Ernst I (1582-1617), Count of Nassau-Siegen. Bust to the right, in armor

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Count William-Louis Nassau nicknamed Our Father

Portrait Count William-Louis Nassau nicknamed Our Father
Portrait of Count William-Louis or Nassau, nicknamed Our Father in West Frisian, Portrait of Willem Lodewijk (1560- 1620), count of Nassau, called us heit. Bust to the right, in armor

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait unknown Count Officer Count John Old

Portrait unknown Count Officer Count John Old
Portrait of an unknown Count or Officer, possibly Count John the Old of Nassau or Louis of Nassau, presumably Jan the Elder (1535-1606), Count of Nassau. Bust in armor to the left

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait FranAzois de la Noue Seigneur de TA ligny

Portrait FranAzois de la Noue Seigneur de TA ligny
Portrait of Francois de la Noue, Seigneur de Teligny, surnamed Bras de Fer and le Bayard Huguenot, Portrait of Francois de la Noue (1531-91), lord from Teligny

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Philipp Ernst Count Hohenlohe zu Langenburg

Portrait Philipp Ernst Count Hohenlohe zu Langenburg
Portrait of Philipp Ernst, Count of Hohenlohe zu Langenburg, Portrait of Philip Ernst (1585-1629), Count of Hohenlohe zu Langenburg. Bust to the right, in armor

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Gaspard de Coligny III Count ChAtillon sur Loing

Portrait Gaspard de Coligny III Count ChAtillon sur Loing
Portrait of Gaspard de Coligny III, Count of Chatillon sur Loing, Portrait of Gaspard de Coligny (1584-1646), Count of Chatillon sur Loing. Bust to the right

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Justinus van Nassau illegitimate Son

Portrait Justinus van Nassau illegitimate Son
Portrait of Justinus van Nassau, illegitimate Son of Prince William I and Eva Elinx, Portrait of Justinus van Nassau (1559-1631), son of Prince Willem I and Eva Elinx. Bust to the right, in armor

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Nicols Schmelzing Nicols Schmelsingh

Portrait Nicols Schmelzing Nicols Schmelsingh
Portrait of Nicols Schmelzing, Portrait of Nicols Schmelsingh (1563-1629). Bust to the right. Part of the series of portraits from the Stadhouderlijk Hof in Leeuwarden, historical persons

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Philips Count Hohenlohe zu Langenburg

Portrait Philips Count Hohenlohe zu Langenburg
Portrait of Philips, Count of Hohenlohe zu Langenburg, Portrait of Philips (1550-1606), Count of Hohenlohe zu Langenburg. Bust to the right, in armor

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Adolf Count Nassau-Siegen 1586-1608

Portrait Adolf Count Nassau-Siegen 1586-1608
Portrait of Adolf, Count of Nassau-Siegen, Portrait of Adolf (1586-1608), Count of Nassau-Siegen. Bust to the right, in armor

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Sir Robert Henderson Tunnegask Colonel

Portrait Sir Robert Henderson Tunnegask Colonel
Portrait of Sir Robert Henderson of Tunnegask, Colonel of the Scotch Guards, Portrait of Sir Robert Henderson of Tunnegask (died in 1622 during the siege of Bergen op Zoom)

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Francisco Hurtado de Mendoza Admiral

Portrait Francisco Hurtado de Mendoza Admiral
Portrait of Francisco Hurtado de Mendoza, Admiral of Aragon, Portrait of Francisco Hurtado de Mendoza (1546-1623), Admirant of Aragon. Commander of the Spanish troops in the Southern Netherlands

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Ambrogio Spinola commander-in-chief

Portrait Ambrogio Spinola commander-in-chief
Portrait of Ambrogio Spinola, Portrait of Ambrogio Spinola. Commander-in-chief of the Spanish troops in the Southern Netherlands. Around the neck the chain with the Golden Fleece

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Philip Count Nassau Governor Town Nijmegen

Portrait Philip Count Nassau Governor Town Nijmegen
Portrait of Philip, Count of Nassau, Governor of the Town of Nijmegen, Portrait of Philips (1566-95), Count of Nassau. Bust to the right, in armor

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Louis Count Nassau 1538-74 Bust right

Portrait Louis Count Nassau 1538-74 Bust right
Portrait of Louis, Count of Nassau, Portrait of Louis (1538-74), Count of Nassau. Bust to the right, in armor. Part of the series of portraits from the Stadhouderlijk Hof in Leeuwarden, anonymous, c

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Maurice Prince Orange Maurits 1567-1625

Portrait Maurice Prince Orange Maurits 1567-1625
Portrait of Maurice, Prince of Orange, Portrait of Maurits (1567-1625), Prince of Orange. Bust to the right, in armor. Part of the series of portraits from the Stadhouderlijk Hof in Leeuwarden

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Robert Dudley Earl Leicester 1532-88

Portrait Robert Dudley Earl Leicester 1532-88
Portrait of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, Portrait of Robert Dudley (1532-88), Count of Leicester, Governor of the Netherlands Bust to the left

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Gaspard de Coligny 1517-72 Leader French Huguenots

Portrait Gaspard de Coligny 1517-72 Leader French Huguenots
Portrait of Gaspard de Coligny, Portrait of Gaspard de Coligny (1517-72). Leader of French Huguenots. Bust to the left, in armor

Background image1609 Collection: Portrait Count Louis-Gunther Nassau Lodewijk GAOEnther

Portrait Count Louis-Gunther Nassau Lodewijk GAOEnther
Portrait of Count Louis-Gunther of Nassau, Portrait of Lodewijk Gunther (1575-1604), Count of Nassau. Bust to the right, in armor

Background image1609 Collection: Esau selling birthright Jacob Esau sit table

Esau selling birthright Jacob Esau sit table
Esau selling his birthright, Esau selling his birthright. Jacob and Esau sit at a table, Esau shakes Jacobs hand and reaches for the plate with lentils. A hunting dog is lying on the floor




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In the year 1609, a multitude of significant events unfolded across various corners of the world. Johannes Kepler's groundbreaking discoveries in the Kepler Planetary System revolutionized our understanding of celestial bodies and their movements. Meanwhile, Jacobus Arminius challenged prevailing religious beliefs with his theological teachings. A letter from Captain Cook shed light on his encounters with indigenous Huron Indians during his explorations, while Samuel de Champlain navigated through treacherous waters near Bermuda after the Somers wreck. In Scotland, The Auld Brig stood as a testament to enduring engineering marvels in Keith. The expulsion of Moriscos from Spain under Philip III's order marked a dark chapter in history, highlighting religious intolerance and persecution. On a brighter note, New River Head brought fresh water to Londoners for the first time. Fast forward to 1942 when American S160 Class locomotive No. 1609 arrived at Newport Docks—a symbol of industrial progress and transportation advancements during World War II. In Colmar, France, La Maison des Tetes showcased architectural splendor within its old town walls. Artistic endeavors thrived as Peter Paul Rubens immortalized himself and his wife Isabella Brandt in "Self-portrait with Honeysuckle. " Across Europe, The Venice Haggadah provided an invaluable glimpse into Jewish culture and traditions. As we reflect upon these diverse events that transpired in 1609, it becomes evident that this year was not merely defined by one singular narrative but rather by an intricate tapestry woven together by scientific breakthroughs, cultural exchanges, human triumphs and tragedies alike—each contributing to shaping our shared history.